Nepal Household Risk and Vulnerability Survey 2019

This report summarizes the findings of the Nepal Household Risk and Vulnerability Survey, a three-year panel survey financed by a grant from the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID) and conducted on behalf of the Government of Nepal.

Access the full report here:

http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/318281581716869564/pdf/Risk-and-Vulnerability-in-Nepal-Findings-from-the-Household-Risk-and-Vulnerability-Survey.pdf

Nepal Disaster Report 2019

The Nepal Disaster Report, 2019 prepared by Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Nepal tries to comprehensively map the events, activities and programs carried out by the government, non government sectors and other humanitarian partners during the years, 2017 and 2018. This report presents a brief background on different risk of hazards along with the impact. It has briefly highlighted the damage and loss and its trend due to these disasters.

Access the full report here:

http://drrportal.gov.np/uploads/document/1594.pdf

Recovering from COVID-19: Lessons from Past Disasters in Asia and the Pacific

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has recently published a study which highlights learnings from past disasters and features 10 lessons and good practices from Asia-Pacific. Some of the major findings include:

  1. Caught Unaware: Countries need to anticipate and plan for pandemics and disasters
  2. Health First: A faster and stronger health response is critical to contain pandemics
  3. Preventing a Socio-Economic Crisis: Rapid funding is pivotal to protect the most vulnerable
  4. Get the Evidence: Data and Assessments must guide recovery
  5. Show me the Money: Diverse financing arrangements help to sustain long term recovery
  6. Be the Leader: Dedicated national leadership is essential to achieve effective recovery
  7. Stronger Together: Engaging local governments and community for inclusive response
  8. Build Forward: Greener, Smarter, Better!
  9. Use the Data: Disaster data can help countries deal with changing riskscapes
  10. Innovate, Innovate, Innovate!

To read the full report, follow this link:

https://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/km-qap/UNDP-RBAP-Recovering-from-COVID-19-Lessons-from-Past-Disasters-Asia-Pacific-2020.pdf

Data Protection Impact Assessment and Data Ethics Assessment for BIPAD portal

Building Information Platform Against Disaster (BIPAD) is an integrated Disaster Information Management System created in line with the DRRM Act. BIPAD portal is built upon the concept
of creating a national portal incorporating data and information from multiple sources including but not limited to government bodies, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and research organizations. This report is an outcome of an independent study which aimed at identifying gaps and
challenges and recommending best practices for the responsible storage, processing and sharing of data for disaster resilience and shaping a framework for data privacy and data protection.

Key Recommendations:

  • BIPAD portal to set up legally binding documents, such as Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with data partners outlining parameters for data access and handling (e.g. data security, data formats, data transmission, fusion, analysis, validation, storage, retention, re-use, licensing, etc.) to ensure reliable and secure access to data.
  • Perform due diligence when selecting data or service provider and ensure their activities comply with the National Privacy Act.
  • While using new data source, BIPAD team needs to consider the issue of accessibility, privacy, standards, and accessibility to metadata. To the extent reasonably possible, data should be validated for accuracy, relevancy, sufficiency, integrity, completeness, usability, validity and coherence, and be kept up to date.
  • Collect the user details on those who wish to download the data from the system. Information such as the name of the person, organizations, email address and purpose of using the data can be captured. Appropriate consent would be necessary to acquire any such data. Such personal data should be stored safely and not to be shared publicly.
  • Add a disclaimer in the portal stating clearly that BIPAD portal is not liable for any potential negative outcomes resulting from the use and processing of BIPAD portal data.
  • BIPAD portal has to ensure that reasonable and appropriate technical and organizational safeguards are in place to prevent any unauthorized disclosure or breach of backend data where personal data is accessible. It will be important to set up a mechanism that data is being stored only for the necessary duration and any retention of it is justified.
  • An internal data security audit is also fruitful before fully handing over the system to National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA).

More details about the report available here: Data protection impact assessment and data ethics assessment for BIPAD portal | PreventionWeb.net